Intersex Pre-Conference Resolution

ILGA-Asia Conference, Seoul 19th August 2019

Between the 8th and 11th February 2018, the first Asian Intersex Forum took place in Bangkok, Thailand. During the Forum, participants founded Intersex Asia - the first regional network of Asian human rights-based intersex organisations and intersex activists working for the rights of intersex people, communities and movements. This was a historical moment for the visibility and recognition of intersex human rights in Asia.

The Asian Intersex Forum and Intersex Asia recall and affirm the principles of the Public Statement by the Third International Intersex Forum (known as the Malta Declaration), the Intersex Statement from the Intersex Pre-Conference at ILGA-Asia 2017, and extend the demands aimed at ending discrimination against intersex people, promoting and protecting the human rights of intersex people in Asia, and to ensure the rights to life, bodily integrity, physical autonomy and self-determination.

Between the 15th and 17th August 2019, during the 2nd Asian Intersex Forum participants re-affirmed the Public Statement (see below) and discussed the Statement during the Intersex Pre-Conference on Monday 19th August.

Intersex participants and members at the ILGA-Asia Intersex Pre-Conference call upon ILGA members in Asia to:

  • Support and approve the Public Statement by the Asian Intersex Movement, as a sign of solidarity and commitment towards intersex human rights in Asia.

  • Contribute to building bridges with intersex organisations and build a basis for

    mutual support and meaningful engagement. This should be done in a spirit of collaboration and no-one should instrumentalise intersex issues as a means for other ends.

  • Engage in intersex education to dispel misconceptions and stigma around intersex people.

  • Support intersex actvists and organisations in the struggle for visibility, increase their capacity, the building of knowledge and the affirmation of their human rights.


Public Statement by the Asian Intersex Movement

Bangkok,Thailand

11th February 2018

Between the 8th and 11th February 2018, the First Asian Intersex Forum, supported by the Intersex Human Rights Fund, took place in Bangkok, Thailand. The Forum brought together 14 intersex people representing intersex organisations and communities from Hong Kong (China), India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.

Preamble

We affirm that intersex people are real, and we exist in all regions and all countries around the world, including all countries of Asia. Thus, intersex people must be supported to be the drivers of social, political and legislative changes that concern them.

We are intersex activists representing the diverse region of Asia, working together to end discrimination, and promoting and protecting the human rights of intersex people.

Demands

  • To acknowledge the suffering and injustice caused to intersex people.

  • To recognise that sexism, medicalisation and stigmatisation of intersex people

    result in significant trauma and mental health concerns.

  • To remove the stigma from all the terms referring to intersex.

  • To recognise that being intersex relates to biological sex characteristics, and

    is distinct from a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity. An intersex person may be heterosexual, lesbian, bisexual or asexual; and may identify as female, male, both or neither.

  • To put an end to mutilating and ‘normalising’ practices such as genital surgeries, psychological and other medical interventions through legislative and other means. Intersex people must be empowered to make their own decisions affecting their own bodily integrity, physical autonomy and

    self-determination.

  • To put an end to preimplantation genetic diagnosis, pre-natal screening and

    interventions, and selective abortion of intersex foetuses.

  • To put an end to inappropriate medical practices and protocols, including the

    administration of medication for gender selection and medical interventions on foetuses and newborn babies, as a result of lack of awareness about intersex people and intersex variations.

  • To put an end to non-consensual sterilization of intersex people.

  • To depathologise variations in sex characteristics in medical practices,

    guidelines, protocols and classifications, such as the World Health

    Organisation’s International Classification of Diseases.

  • To include human rights-based intersex education in antenatal counselling

    and support.

  • To put an end to infanticide, abandonment and honor killings of intersex

    people.

  • To end practices that force normalising surgeries on intersex children to be

    male as a requirement for inheritance.

  • To ensure that the right to inheritance of intersex people is not denied on the

    ground of infertility.

  • To ensure that intersex organisations and intersex peer support groups are

    recognised, resourced and strengthened.

  • To protect intersex people from discrimination by adding the ground of sex

    characteristics to anti-discrimination legislation and to ensure protection

    against intersectional discrimination.

  • To protect intersex people in the laws regarding sexual violence and

    harassment.

  • To ensure the legal protection and support of intersex people with disabilities.

  • To recognise intersex refugees need protection against discrimination and the

    appropriate psychosocial help.

  • To ensure equal and non-discriminatory legal protection for intersex people in

    marriage and adoption laws.

  • To protect intersex people against discrimination at the workplace.

  • To create and facilitate supportive, safe and celebratory environments for

    intersex people, their families and surroundings.

  • To provide human rights-based intersex education to empower intersex

    people and their families.

  • To support intersex people and their families to connect and build up intersex

    communities.

  • To ensure that intersex people have the right to full information and access to

    their own medical records and history.

  • To protect intersex people’s right to privacy while engaging with civil and social institutions, such as hospitals, educational and governmental institutions.

  • To ensure the provision of all human rights and citizenship rights to intersex people.

  • In view of ensuring the bodily integrity and well-being of intersex people, autonomous non-pathologising psycho-social and peer support be available to intersex people throughout their life (as self-required), as well as to parents and/or care providers.

  • To ensure that all professionals and healthcare providers that have a specific role to play in intersex people’s wellbeing are adequately trained to provide quality services.

  • To provide accessible and appropriate healthcare that meet the physical and mental health needs and issues of intersex people.

  • To register intersex children as females or males, with the awareness that, like all people, they may grow up to identify with a different sex or gender.

  • To ensure that sex or gender classifications are amendable through a simple administrative procedure at the request of the individuals concerned. All adults and capable minors should be able to choose between female (F), male (M), non-binary or multiple options. In the future, as with race or religion, sex or gender should not be a category on birth certificates or identification documents for anybody.

  • To ensure that all key partners that have a specific role to play in intersex people’s wellbeing such as, but not limited to, health care providers, parents and professionals working in the area of education, as well as society in general, are instructed on intersex issues from a human rights perspective.

  • To end sex verification tests that violate the fundamental privacy and dignity of intersex people, and ensure they are able to participate in competitive sport, at all levels, in accordance with their legal sex. Intersex athletes who have been humiliated or stripped of their titles should receive reparation and reinstatement.

  • To raise awareness around intersex issues and the human rights of intersex people in communities and society at large.

  • To provide comprehensive sexuality education that includes references to intersex people and experiences, as well as human-rights-based intersex education at all levels of education.

  • To provide adequate acknowledgement of the suffering and injustice caused to intersex people in the past, and provide adequate redress, reparation, access to justice and the right to truth.

In view of the above the Asian Intersex Movement calls on:

International, regional and national human rights institutions to take on board, and provide visibility to intersex issues in their work.

  • National governments to address the concerns raised by the Asian Intersex Movement and draw adequate solutions in direct collaboration with intersex representatives and organisations.

  • National governments to stop harmful cultural practices, such as infanticide and honor killings of intersex people.

  • Media agencies and sources to ensure intersex people’s right to privacy, dignity, accurate and ethical representation.

  • Community leaders to engage in intersex education to dispel misconceptions and stigma around intersex people.

  • Funders to engage with intersex organisations and support them in the struggle for visibility, increase their capacity, the building of knowledge and the affirmation of their human rights.

  • Human rights organisations to contribute to building bridges with intersex organisations and build a basis for mutual support and meaningful engagement. This should be done in a spirit of collaboration and no-one should instrumentalise intersex issues as a means for other ends.

StatementILGA Asia